Part 1: Unification
If we talk about Memphis, the oldest capital on earth and the oldest one to be built with stone, we also need to talk about unification between Upper and Lower Egypt. It’s important to realize that before the year 3200 BC. Egypt consisted of two kingdoms. Upper Egypt, in the south, started from where Memphis is now and went all the way to Sudan in the south. It’s confusing that the southern part of Egypt is known as Upper Egypt. This is because it has a higher elevation. That’s why the Nile River flows from south to north. The second kingdom of Egypt was Lower Egypt, which is from where Memphis is now to the north covering the Nile delta and all the way to the Mediterranean Sea.
For what it cost and for the months of hard work it took these guys to get here I thought the rest of the world might have showed a little more interest. A few women are proudly kissing their men as they climb out of their machines, support crews are grabbing the obligatory pyramid selfies, and the Red Bull PR girls are handing out complimentary ice-cold cans.
As we bid farewell to spring, we remember we do not just bid farewell to the cool evening breeze or the unexpected fluctuations in weather. We also bid farewell to millions of birds that pass through Egypt, en route to their breeding and nesting grounds in Europe and Asia, after spending their winters in the warmer grounds across Africa.
In the last article on Sakkara, I covered part of the funeral complex of King Djoser. Now I will continue to explore this impressive complex.
Looking for somewhere that sells English literature in Maadi? This south Cairene suburb features a surprising array of bookstores. Whilst books in Egypt are not much cheaper than they are in the West, bookstores are increasingly becoming places to read, study, and to take children. Here is the ‘Maadi Messengers’ Top 6.
With the summer coming up fast many of us will feel it’s time to get into shape, ready for the beach. The Maadi Messenger has provided a complete comprehensive breakdown of the top gyms in the area. All gyms featured are happy for Maadi Messenger readers to have a free session before they take out membership.